Effect of adiponectin gene polymorphisms on waist circumference in patients with diabetes
1 Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Institute, 5th floor, Dr. Shariati Hospital, North Kargar Ave., Tehran 14114, Iran
Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders 2012, 11:14 doi:10.1186/2251-6581-11-14Published: 14 September 2012
Plasma levels of adiponectin which is secreted from adipose tissue are associated with various parameters of metabolic syndrome. This effect seems to be a result of interactions between genetic and environmental factors including central obesity. The present study was carried out to investigate the possibility of relation between single nucleotide polymorphisms of adiponectin gene (+45 T/G and −11391 G/A) and waist circumferences (WC) in patients with type 2 diabetes.
This cross-sectional study was conducted on n = 238 diabetic patients selected as cases and n = 159 as healthy control who were recruited from Rafsanjan city in south – east of Iran. The possible association of +45 T/G and –11391 G/A adiponectin gene polymorphisms with WC according to age and sex was evaluated.
There was no significant difference in distribution of frequencies of +45 T/G and –11391 G/A adiponectin gene polymorphisms in each group. We only found a significant association between –11391 G/A adiponectin gene polymorphism with WC in diabetic group (p = 0.021). This association was remained significant after adjustment in multivariate regression model (p = 0.019, OR: 0.244, 95%CI: 0.075-0.791) and also this effect was independent of sex and age.
We found higher abdominal obesity in GA or AA carriers of adiponectin – 11391 G/A genotype in type 2 diabetes patients independent of age and sex.